Vaughan, Sir Thomas
- (d. 1483)Sir Thomas Vaughan was one of the chief Welsh adherents of the house of YORK. A supporter of Richard PLANTAGENET, duke of York, Vaughan was included among the acts of ATTAINDER passed against leading Yorkists in the COVENTRY PARLIAMENT of 1459. He probably fought for the Yorkists at the Battle of MORTIMER’S CROSS in February 1461 and at the Battle of TOWTON a month later. EDWARD IV rewarded him with numerous offices, including the treasurership of the royal chamber, which Vaughan acquired in 1465. In 1470, Vaughan was one of the commissioners sent to BURGUNDY to confer the Garter (symbol of a prestigious order of chivalry) on Duke CHARLES. A political ally of the WOODVILLE FAMILY, Vaughan was also a member of Edward IV’s inner circle of household servants. In 1473, while retaining his position in the royal chamber,Vaughan was also appointed treasurer of Prince Edward’s chamber, an office of great trust that made Vaughan an influential member of the prince’s COUNCIL in WALES. The king knighted Vaughan in 1475.On Edward IV’s death in April 1483, Vaughan was with the prince (now EDWARD V) at Ludlow on the Welsh marches (i.e., border). Along with Anthony WOODVILLE, Earl Rivers, the new king’s uncle and the governor of his household, Vaughan set out with the royal party for LONDON. On 29 April, Vaughan remained with Edward at Stony Stratford while Rivers returned to Northampton to meet the king’s paternal uncle, Richard, duke of Gloucester (see Richard III, King of England), who was riding south with Henry STAFFORD, duke of Buckingham. Next day, upon their arrival in Stony Stratford, Gloucester and Buckingham arrested Vaughan and the king’s half brother Richard Grey and sent them north to join Rivers in confinement in one of Gloucester’s Yorkshire strongholds. Told that Vaughan and the others had hastened Edward IV’s death by encouraging his involvement in their debaucheries and that they had plotted to deprive Gloucester of his rightful office as regent, Edward V vigorously if vainly protested their innocence. Because of Vaughan’s connections with the Woodvilles and his well-known loyalty to Edward IV, Gloucester probably considered him a likely opponent of any attempt to seize Edward V’s throne. Acting on Gloucester’s orders, and probably without granting any form of trial, Sir Richard RATCLIFFE oversaw the execution of Vaughan, Rivers, and Grey at Pontefract on 25 June 1483.See also Usurpation of 1483Further Reading: Evans, H.T.,Wales and the Wars of the Roses (Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Alan Sutton Publishing, 1995); Ross, Charles, Richard III (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1981).
Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses. John A.Wagner. 2001.
Look at other dictionaries:
Library of Sir Thomas Browne — No single document gives better evidence of the erudition of Sir Thomas Browne, physician, philosopher and encyclopedist than the 1711 Sales Auction Catalogue of the Library of Sir Thomas Browne . It also provides an insight into the… … Wikipedia
Thomas Picton — Sir Thomas Picton Sir Thomas Picton, GCB, (* 24. August 1758 in Haverfordwest, Pembrokeshire, Wales; † 18. Juni 1815 bei Waterloo, gefallen) war ein britischer General, der sich im Krieg auf der Iberischen Halbinsel viel … Deutsch Wikipedia
Thomas Parry (Comptroller of the Household) — Sir Thomas Parry (c. 1515 ndash; December 15 1560), was the Comptroller of the Household to the English Queen Elizabeth I. He was knighted by Elizabeth at her accession in 1558, and held the offices of Royal Steward, Cofferer, Privy Councilor,… … Wikipedia
Thomas Elyot — Sir Thomas Elyot (c. 1490 ndash; March 26, 1546), was an English diplomat and scholar.Thomas was the child of Sir Richard Elyot s first marriage with Alice De la Mare, but neither the date nor place of his birth is accurately known. Anthony Wood… … Wikipedia
Thomas Armstrong — Sir Thomas Armstrong (15 June 1898 – 26 June 1994) was an English organist, conductor, educationalist and adjudicator. He had a substantial influence on British music for well over half a century. From 1955 to 1968 he was principal of the Royal… … Wikipedia
Thomas Vaughan (soldier) — Thomas Vaughan (c. 1410 ndash; June 1483) was a soldier and diplomat, an adherent of Jasper Tudor and King Henry VI of England. Despite this, he was a Yorkist by inclination, as were so many Welshmen of the time, and became ambassador to the… … Wikipedia
Thomas Browne (High Sheriff of Kent) — Sir Thomas Browne MP was a medieval Chancellor of the Exchequer of England.CareerSworn to the peace in Kent in 1434. He was Justice of Peace for Kent from 1436 to 24 Dec. 1450. He was Member of Parliament (MP) between 1439 and 1444 for Dover. He… … Wikipedia
Thomas Phillips (disambiguation) — Thomas Phillips (1770 ndash;1845) was an English painter.Thomas Phillips or Tom Phillips may also refer to:Culture* Sir Thomas Phillipps (1792 ndash;1872), British antiquary and book collector, *Thomas Phillips (educational benefactor) (1760… … Wikipedia
Thomas Picton — Infobox Military Person name= Thomas Picton lived=1758 1815 caption= Lieutenant General Sir Thomas Picton GCB nickname= placeofbirth=Poyston, Pembrokeshire placeofdeath=Waterloo allegiance=flagicon|United Kingdom Great Britain branch=… … Wikipedia
Thomas Spencer Vaughan Phillips — Infobox Military Person name= Thomas Spencer Vaughan Phillips lived= 19 February, 1888 ndash; 10 December, 1941 placeofbirth= Pendennis Castle, Falmouth placeofdeath= Kuantan, Malaysia caption= Admiral Sir Tom Phillips nickname= Tom Thumb… … Wikipedia